Have you recently underwent hip replacement surgery? Have you perhaps injured your joint? If so, you would definitely benefit from orthopedic physical therapy, which is life- changing after sustaining an injury, having surgery, or being diagnosed with a condition affecting the musculoskeletal system.
Orthopedic physical therapists offer various treatment options to help individuals get back on their feet, such as cryotherapy, heat therapy, electrical stimulation, traction, hydrotherapy, etc.
The following information will introduce you to Jersey City orthopedic services.
What is orthopedic PT?
Orthopedic physical therapy is what you need to for the treatment of the entire musculoskeletal system, including your bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and connective tissue. Orthopedic physical therapists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system while trying to integrate the cardiovascular and neurological systems. Learn more about the function of the human cardiovascular system.
Moreover, orthopedic therapists first evaluate the condition of patients and then diagnose the issue. Based on their evaluation and diagnosis, they create a treatment plan and administer the necessary therapeutic care. These experts also provide education on how patients should manage their conditions and injuries, as well as prevent further injuries in the future.
Orthopedic physical therapists provide treatment for conditions that influence the ability of individuals to move and perform certain physical functions. Some of the conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system include arthritis, frozen shoulder, bursitis, joint pain, cancer, Lyme disease, knee instability, spinal stenosis, Parkinson’s disease, lymphedema, muscular dystrophy, scoliosis, etc.
Furthermore, some physical therapists specialize in the treatment of certain patient groups. For instance, sports therapists usually work with athletes to help them recover from injuries related to sport and teach them how to move safely to avoid injuries. In contrast, therapists working with senior individuals assist patients in improving their balance and preventing falls. In most cases, they help older adults to recover from hip or knee replacement surgeries.
Types of rehabilitation
Orthopedic physical therapy is essential in providing rehabilitation after surgery, acute injuries, or chronic injuries. For instance, such PT is of vital importance after having surgery. It significantly reduces pain, improves walking, and impedes scar tissue from building up.
These sessions are also excellent for regaining strength, mobility, and balance. Patients usually seek such assistance after knee replacement, hip replacement, rotator cuff repair, knee arthroscopy, cancer, and heart surgery. Go to this website, https://www.wikihow.com/Prepare-for-Hip-Replacement-Surgery, to see some tips for preparing for hip replacement surgery.
In addition, orthopedic PT involves rehabilitation after acute injury. Acute injuries happen due to a single body trauma, such as spraining an ankle, herniating a disc in your back, tearing your meniscus, etc. Nevertheless, an orthopedic physical therapist helps patients by managing their pain and swelling, rebuilding their strength, and teaching them to move in special ways to prevent the condition from flaring up. These experts also recommend weight-bearing restrictions to patients and assist them in regaining their motion range.
Another treatment provided by orthopedic physical therapists is rehabilitation after chronic injury. These injuries refer to the body damage occurring over time. They’re caused by repetitive, small injuries to the joints, bones, and tendons. Some of these chronic injuries include carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, and shin splints. A therapist will analyze your patterns of movement to locate the injury source and manage the symptoms, like swelling and pain.
Orthopedic physical therapists use various therapeutic modalities, devices, and exercises to assist patients. The modalities can be active and passive, depending on the involvement of patients in the treatment. For example, these specialists use hot-cold therapy for treating musculoskeletal pain and swelling.
Cold therapy is also called cryotherapy, whereas heat therapy is named thermotherapy. Nowadays, there are many providers of orthopedic services offering nonsurgical and surgical treatment options. Ice and heat are effective in preventing muscle damage. Nevertheless, ice is a better choice for impeding muscle soreness after strenuous exercise.
Additionally, orthopedic therapists create exercise plans, which involve exercises for improving mobility, strength, and balance. At first, these exercises are practiced with a therapist to ensure patients are doing them properly. Once patients master the exercises, they’re encouraged to perform them regularly at home.
Electrical stimulation has also proven to reduce pain with e-stim devices. For example, Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) is conducted with a device sending electrical impulses to nerves, triggering muscles to contract. Repeated contractions of the muscles are touted to improve blood flow and repair injured muscles.
Traction is another treatment form, taking the pressure off damaged and compressed joints. It’s either conducted with an equipment piece or with hands. This orthopedic therapy is appropriate for people suffering from disc conditions and neck pain.
Hydrotherapy is often incorporated in treatment plans, involving a series of exercises performed in a whirlpool or a pool. Individuals with joint issues and injuries are to gain the most from hydrotherapy, given the gentle resistance provided by water. During hydrotherapy, the impact placed on the joints is reduced substantially. Visit this webpage to see eight exercises you can do in the pool.
Soft tissue manipulation involves an array of hands-on techniques on ligaments, muscles, and fascia. These techniques are conducted to break adhesions and optimize one’s muscular function. Joint mobilization is a manual technique whose effects resemble those of soft tissue manipulation. Orthopedic therapists move the joint in a careful and firm manner in the right direction to decrease muscular tension.
Some orthopedic therapists have permission to perform dry needling, which resembles acupuncture. This technique involves inserting a tiny needle into the targeted muscle that represents the root of pain and tension.
In contrast, kinesiology taping is another treatment still not supported by enough evidence. Therapists use kinesiology tape, which is incredibly stretchy and flexible, to apply it to certain body areas. This tape is claimed to boost circulation, decompress trigger points, provide support, decrease pain, etc.
Orthopedic physical therapy is essential for a speedy recovery.
The right therapist can do wonders for your rehabilitation!