Set Builder Notation – Explanation

In Mathematics, the term “set builder notation” is a mathematical way that describes a set by listing its components or demonstrating the characteristics that its members have to meet.

In the notation of set builder rule, we create set-builder notation in terms of

(properties of y) OR

The properties of y are substituted by a condition that describes all parts of the collection. The symbol ‘”:'” is taken to mean ” such that” and the whole set is understood in the form of ” the set of all elements y,” which means that (properties of the element y). We are using the variable “y” to define what properties the element has within the set.


The word dictionary has the letter X.

We interpret it as

“X is the set of all y such that y is a letter in the word dictionary.” 

What is Set in Mathematics?

In Mathematics, the term “set” refers to an unorganised set of elements represented by the order of components (Separated by Commas) with curly braces. For instance, a cat, a cow, or a dog are a collection of domestic animals. 1,3, 5, 7, 9 is an assortment of odd numbers. For example, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 is a set of odd, and a, B, C, D, E is a set of letters. Visit Here:

Define Set Builder Notations

The term set-builder notation refers to defining a set by explaining its properties instead of listing its elements. Making a set with the notation of a set-builder is also referred to as set understanding, set abstraction, and set intent. Visit this site: f95 zone

The set builder notation contains several variables and the rule that determines what elements are part of the group and not part of the set. 

 The rule is usually expressed in the form of predicates. Variables and the set rule are distinguished with a slash vertically “|'” or colon (:). It is a standard method to describe infinite sets.

For example, y: y > 0 can be translated into “the set of all y’s, such that y is greater than 0”.

Set Builder Notation Symbols

The various symbols used to represent the set-builder notation are as they are:

  • “The symbol “is an element of.”
  • It is a symbol that “is not an element of.”
  • The symbol W represents the total number.
  • The symbol Z signifies the number of integers.
  • The symbol N refers to the entirety of real numbers or any positive integer.
  • The symbol R represents actual numbers or numbers that aren’t imagined.
  • The symbol Q represents the rational number or any number that is expressed as fractions.

The set builders notation examples that follow will help you define the appropriate set of builder notes in the most effective method. The various set builder notation examples are like this:

Set Builder Notation Examples

Example Set Builder Notation Read As Meaning
1. The set of all y y if y is more than the value of 0 Any value greater than 0
2. The set of all y, such as y being any number, excluding 15 Any value except 15
3. The set of all y’s in a sense as y being any number smaller than 7 Any value that is less than 7
4. {k Z: k > 4 The entire set of Kin Z means that Kin Z is any value that is greater than 4. All integers that are greater than 4

 Representation of Sets Methods

There are two methods for representing sets. They are:

  1. Tabular Form or Roasted Method.
  2. Set -Builder Form or Rule Method.

Tabular Form or Roasted Method

The roaster method has used the components that make up a set are declared within {the braces, and commas differentiate every component. If the element is present multiple times in the set, it can be written only once.


  • This set X of the five first natural numbers is described as X = 1,2,3,4,5.
  • Set A in the letters of the word MUMBAI is written in A = M, U. B. A. I.

Note: The set components using the roasted method may be presented in any number of ways. Therefore, the set A.B.C.D. could be written as B, C, D.

Set Builder Form or Rule Method

When the components of a collection have a similar property, they could be identified by describing it. For instance, the components from group A = 1,2,3,4,5,6 have a shared property stating that all A elements are natural numbers. A can be considered natural numbers lower than 7, and none of the natural numbers has this property. Thus, we can define set X in the following manner.

A = x: x is a natural quantity less than 7, which it could take by saying, ” A is the set of elements x such that x is a natural number less than 7″.

The above set could also be written as A = x: x N, x 7.

You can also write set A = the set that contains all the natural numbers smaller than 7.

In this instance, descriptions of common properties among the components of the set are enclosed in braces. It is the simplest version of a set, also known as the builder or rules method.

How to Express the Domain of a Function in Set Builder Notation?

You can use the notation set builder to indicate the area of a particular function. For instance, the function f(y) = y is an entire domain that includes any natural number greater than or equal to 0 since it is the case that the square root of numbers isn’t real. You can describe the domain of f(y) in the set-builder notation as:

If the function area is all real numbers (that is, there aren’t any limitations on y), it is possible to declare the domain as “all real numbers’ or utilise an R symbol to symbolise all the real numbers.

What is Unordered mean in the Set?

In Mathematics, sets aren’t placed in a particular order. For instance, sets like X = 1, 2, 3, and 4 appear like the collection of numbers ordered from 1 to 4. However, this set is the same assets X = 4, 2, 3. The order of the elements in a set doesn’t have any significance, and two sets are considered equal if they have all elements. Visit The Site:

What is the General Form of Set – Builder Notation?

The most common format of the notation for set-builders is defined as:

The formula for elements: restrictions or formula to element

How to Express Inequalities in Set Builder Notation?

Inequalities in notation for set builders are described as follows:

x R, x >= 2 and x <= 8

The set includes all of the real numbers that are between 2 and 8, inclusive.


Sets is a highly scoring chapter that would help you to increase your final marks. Hope we have helped you to strengthen your concepts. Read out more related topics on Vedantu.  Read More About:

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